Course Outline & Lecture Notes 
Week 0  
Sep 8  Instructor at Jodrell Bank  No class  
Week 1  
Sep 11  PS I available  Course Overview pdf, pdf4 
Syllabus; topics; basic astronomical units. CO, S3.1, 3.2. 
Sep 13  Gravity I pdf, pdf4 
Kepler's laws (for 1body); energy & angular momentum. CO, S1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2. 

Sep 15  Tutorial  Seasons; distances to Moon, Sun & nearest stars; parallax. CO, S1.3, 3.1. 

Week 2  
Sep 18  Gravity II pdf, pdf4 
Generalized Kepler's laws for 2body (binary stars); Nbody. CO, S2.3 

Sep 20  Gravity III pdf, pdf4 
tides; tidal friction; synchronization & circularization. CO, S19.2, 18.1 (up to "classes of binary systems"). Also, a nice review on the EarthMoon system. 

Sep 22  PS I due  Tutorial 
Detecting extrasolar planets (applying Kepler's laws). CO, S7.4, 23.1 
Week 3  
Sep 25  PS II available  Astrophysics I. Hydrostatic Equilibrium pdf, pdf4 
Gravity of spherical body; dynamical collapse; hydrostatic equilibrium; pressure; ideal gas; mean molecular weight. CO, S10.1, 10.2 
Sep 27  Astrophysics II. Virial Theorem pdf, pdf4 
Gravitational, thermal, kinetic energy; virial theorem; application to Sun; gravitothermal collapse, negative specific heat. CO, S2.4, 10.3 (up to nuclear) 

Sep 29  Tutorial  
Week 4  
Oct 2  Astrophysics III. Nuclear Fusion pdf, pdf4 
Binding energy of nucleus; quantum tunneling; nuclear fusion; stability of the Sun CO, S5.4 (up to p. 132, QM atom), 10.3 

Oct 4  Astrophysics IV. Radiation pdf, pdf4 
Photons; mean free path, random walk, photon diffusion time; blackbody; photosphere of the Sun. CO, S3.3, 3.4, 5.2, 9.3 

Oct 7  PS II due  Tutorial  
Week 5  
Oct 9  PS III available  Thanksgiving  No class 
Oct 11  Presentation choices can be made 
Astrophysics V. PhotonMatter Interaction pdf, pdf4 
Hydrogen model atom; electronic transitions; stellar spectra; optical depth, radiative transfer equation. CO, S3.5, Ch.5, S8.1 (parts), 10.4 (up to pressure scale height) 
Oct 13  Tutorial  
Week 6  
Oct 16  Stars I. Basics pdf, pdf4 
Observed properies:
colourmagnitude diagram; spectral types; massradiusluminosity
relation; mainsequence; life times; equations of stellar structure. CO, S10.5 (up to Num. model.), 10.6, Ch. 7, S3.6, 8.2 

Oct 18  Stars II. High Mass Stars pdf, pdf4 
Evolution of highmass stars after corehydrogen exhaustion. CO, S13.1 (parts), S15.1–15.2 (up to light curves) 

Oct 20  Tutorial  NS merger  gravitational
wave detection (nice explanation; also CO, pp703—706) 

Week 7  
Oct 23  Presentation choices due PS III due 
Stars III. Low Mass Stars pdf, pdf4 
Evolution of lowmass stars after corehydrogen exhaustion; degeneracy. CO, S13.1–13.3, S16.1, 16.3 
Oct 25  Stars IV. Stellar Corpses pdf, pdf4 
End products of stellar evolution: White dwarfs; neutron stars, black holes; degeneracy; ultradense matter. CO, S16.1–16.4, 16.6, 16.7, Ch. 17 (basics only, like Schwarzschild radius) 

Oct 27  Tutorial pdf, pdf4 
Including premidterm summary  
Week 8  
Oct 30  Midterm Exam (in class) 

Nov 1  Star Formation pdf, pdf4 (simulation shown in class) 
Jeans mass, observations, disk formation, binary formation. CO, Ch. 12 (broad picture only for parts not dealt with in lecture notes) 

Nov 3  Solar System Overview pdf, pdf4 
Inventory, orbital characteristics, spin, roundness; definition of a planet; massradius relation; heating by the Sun. CO, S19.1, 19.3 (temperatures only)  
Week 9  
Nov 610  PS IV available  Fall break  No class 
Week 10  
Nov 13  Giant Planets pdf, pdf4 
massradius relation; composition; cores; internal heat. CO, S21.1 

Nov 15  Terrestial Planets pdf, pdf4 
Vulcanism; plate tectonics;
tectonics and climate; snowball Earth; atmospheres; divergent
evolution between Earth & Venus. CO, S19.3, Ch. 20, parts of Ch 21 

Nov 17  PS IV due  Student presentations  Sun & stars 
Week 11  
Nov 20  PS V available  Planet Formation pdf, pdf4 
Minimum mass solar nebula;
stability criterion; ice line, planetestimal formation; giant
planet & terrestrial planet formation; isotope dating
results; formation of the Moon; open issues. CO, S23.2, S22.4 (first few pages), S20.4 
Nov 22  Student presentations  Stellar evolution  
Nov 24  Student presentations  Stellar corpses  
Week 12  
Nov 27  Extrasolar Planets 
Hot jupiters, statistics; protoplanetary nebulae, debris disks. CO, Ch. 23 

Nov 29  Student presentations  Space missions/telescopes  
Dec 1  PS V due  Student presentations  Giant (exo)planets 
Week 13  
Dec 4  Student presentations  Terrestrial (exo)planets  
Dec 6  Vote for best presentation  Exoplanets (cont'd) 
Puzzles, possible solutions; migration CO, Ch. 23 
Dec 7  Final review  question & answer 