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Past Colloquia

The first steps of planet formation across the stellar mass range

Cody Hall

Gijs Mulders (University of Amsterdam)

June 18, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

Protoplanetary disks are thought to be the main sites of planet formation, and to understand how planets form we need to understand the physical processes in these disks. One of these physical processes is turbulent mixing, which is the main driver of disk accretion. It…

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Characterizing super-Earths and mini-Neptunes

Cody Hall

Diana Valencia (MIT)

June 13, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

We have formally entered the era of super-Earths as masses and/or radii are being measured routinely for planets with a mass of less than ~10 earth-masses. The composition of these planets reflects their initial chemical inventory and early formation processes, such as giant impact collisions and…

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The influence of tectonics and magnetic field on the early evolution of Earth and Venus

Cody Hall

Peter E. Driscoll (Yale University)

June 08, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

Over much of Earth history the geomagnetic field has provided a unique protective boundary by balancing the erosive solar wind well above the top of the atmosphere.  On the contrary, the lack of evidence for a large scale magnetic field at Venus has been cited…

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How Distant Binary Stars Reshape Their Planetary Systems

MP 134

Nathan Kaib (Queen's University)

June 06, 2012
11:00 - 12:00

Although ~1/3 of all known planet-hosting binary stars are very wide (average stellar separations beyond 1000 AU), there are very few dynamical studies that consider planetary systems within such binaries.  Contrary to previous assumptions, we show that many of these distant binaries will have dramatic…

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Explosion modelling for Type Ia supernovae

Cody Hall

Stuart Sim (Australian National University)

May 25, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

Aside from being spectacular displays in their own right, Type Ia supernova explosions have a key role in measuring the expansion history of the Universe and synthesizing the iron group elements. But what is their origin? That Type Ia supernovae arise from exploding white dwarfs…

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Tales from the outer solar system

Cody Hall

Mike Brown (Caltech)

May 18, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

The past few years have seen an explosion in the discoveries of Pluto- and near Pluto-sized bodies in the outer solar system, giving rise to a new classification of “dwarf planets.” Like Pluto, each of these largest dwarf planets has a unique story to tell…

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Are the properties of the Unified Model obscuring torus expected to be the same for all AGN?

Cody Hall

Almudena Alonso-Herrero (Instituto de Fisica de Cantabria, CSIC-UC)

May 11, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

The Unified Model for active galactic nuclei (AGN) proposes the ubiquitous presence of an obscuring torus around their nuclei, with type 1 and type 2 AGN being intrinsically similar. The central region of an AGN is obscured when viewed along directions close to the equatorial…

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Galaxy Nuclei, Galaxy Outskirts

Cody Hall

Jenny Greene (Princeton)

May 04, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

I will talk about two different aspects of massive galaxy evolution.  First, I will discuss the possible importance of black hole feedback in shaping massive galaxies.  I will focus on our studies of the warm ionized gas in obscured quasars, in which we see tantalizing…

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Solar-eclipse science in the 21st century

Cody Hall

Jay M. Pasachoff (Williams College)

April 27, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

Just as ground-based nighttime astronomy has changed since Edwin Hubble took all-night 8-hour exposures of individual galaxies, contemporary solar-eclipse observations make use of the latest optical, electronic, and computer technologies to view our nearest star with capabilities that are not met out-of-eclipse on mountaintop observatories…

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Massive star forming galaxies at the peak of the galaxy formation epoch

Cody Hall

Reinhard Genzel (Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics & UC Berkeley)

April 20, 2012
14:00 - 15:00

I will discuss the results of three major programs of studying star formation, cold gas, feedback and dynamics of massive ‘normal’ star forming galaxies near the peak of the epoch of galaxy formation (z~1-3). Our observations, carried out with the IRAM Plateau de Bure interferometer…

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